Already the transport is buzzing with tech, and future cars moving around cities and towns will be controlled by more codes. According to a report published by Researchandmarkets, “The global autonomous cars market is expected to decline from $24.10 billion in 2019 and to $23.33 billion in 2020 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of -3.19%. The decline is mainly due to economic slowdown across countries owing to the COVID-19 outbreak and the measures to contain it. The market is then expected to recover and reach $37.22 billion in 2023 at CAGR of 16.84%.”
It looks like almost certain future cars will be more vulnerable to hacking. Most of the cars and trucks moving around are connected to the internet which makes them an ideal target. We already have self-driven cars and trucks that run on the latest technology. Hackers are also fine-tuning their skills to match with the upscaling car technology.
According to TNYT, Karamba Security, a cybersecurity firm in 2019, posted a fake vehicle electronic control unit online. In under three days, 25,000 breach attempts were made, and one succeeded.
In yet another incident in 2015, security researchers used his laptop to remotely manage to cause a Jeep Cherokee to lose power, change its radio station, turn on the windshield wipers and blast cold air. After the incident Jeep’s parent company, FCA, recalled 1.4 million vehicles to fix the vulnerability.
Future Cars will be More Vulnerable to Hacking
More and more car manufacturers have started using software patches for over-the-air updates, it improves a car’s performance and is delivered remotely.
In the near future owners of self-driven cars may leave the driving to the car. The advanced software enhancements, it will make it more vulnerable to downloading malicious software. This can end up giving the hackers or bad actors controls of your car.
Practically thinking there is nothing much a hacker would gain from hacking a car. Researchers however caution these threats are theoretical and are a very challenging task.
The fact that car components don’t come from one supplier can act in its favor or against it. The suppliers may differ for an infotainment system or a steering wheel. This means the hacker will not have a single point entry to hack into the car’s system. Most of the recent cars already come with firewalls to protect the system on your cars. This will ensure the hackers are not able to hack into the car’s systems to manipulate speed, steering, and other critical functions.
Vehicle cybersecurity standards are being laid by the government. It will be mandatory for automakers to report any detection of hacking and certify cybersecurity readiness to take effect in Japan and South Korea next year and in Europe in 2024.
The US has not yet participated in any of these initiatives, but it does adhere to the strictest standards anywhere in the world.